The thyroid is an organ located in the neck that produces hormones that regulate growth, metabolism, and energy. It’s part of the endocrine system, which includes other organs such as the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. The hormones that the thyroid produces help to control the body’s temperature, heart rate, muscle strength, and other functions.
The thyroid produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones help to regulate the body’s metabolism, which is the process of how the body uses energy. When the thyroid produces too much of the hormone thyroxine, it can cause an overactive thyroid, which is also known as hyperthyroidism. This can lead to a variety of health problems such as weight loss, anxiety, and rapid heartbeat.
On the other hand, when the thyroid produces too little of the hormone thyroxine, it can cause an underactive thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism. This can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.
It’s important to note that the thyroid plays a crucial role in our body and an imbalance in the hormones it produces can have a significant impact on our overall health. If you suspect that you may have a thyroid disorder, it’s important to see your doctor and get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.